Tourists May Have Caught Gabby Petito's Van on Video as They Drove Through Wyoming's Grand Teton National Park Crime.
Perfume: The Story of a Murderer
She also photographed the Olympic Games in Munich. Cornered sheep may charge and butt, or threaten by hoof stamping and adopting an aggressive posture. MeyGen Ltd installed four giant tidal turbines on the ocean floor near the island of Stroma, and produced 25 GWh of electrical energy in , enough to supply the electric needs of 4, homes. Touch and sight are also important in relation to specific plant characteristics, such as succulence and growth form. Originally established as private banker to the government of England, since it has been a state-owned institution.
Video: Couple in their 70s make adult film to showcase senior sex 'Soulsex with John and Annie' is adult fimmaker Erika Lust's first mature film - she hopes to show that intimacy doesn't end just.
“Sex is such an important part of a healthy life, in the sense that it’s such an intrinsic part of who you are,” he said in the December 2014 issue of Attitude magazine.
Sex party at Barcelona Beach of Barceloneta - video ...
Sex party at Barcelona Beach of Barceloneta. A Ditta TV. Follow. 3 years ago. A beach is a repository of sediments unconsolidated ranging from sand and gravel, excluding the mud as it is not an alluvial plain or coast mangrove, which extends from the base of the dune or the limit where the vegetation ends to a depth where sediments no longer ...
Sex party at Barcelona Beach of Barceloneta. A Ditta TV. Follow. 3 years ago. A beach is a repository of sediments unconsolidated ranging from sand and gravel, excluding the mud as it is not an alluvial plain or coast mangrove, which extends from the base of the dune or the limit where the vegetation ends to a depth where sediments.
Read: Mom Bought 12 Bags of Cocaine to Celebrate Daughter's 18th Birthday. It took a jury only 15 minutes to reach a guilty verdict. The key piece of evidence was the viral video taken by a grandmother on the beach.
Caballero , who has a prior conviction for cocaine trafficking, was sentenced to two-and-a-half years. Alvarez , however, was spared jail time.
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Shocking stuff. Certainly shocking for its time. The costumes and makeup of Brooks adds in large part to this overtly sexual mood; thick black lipstick and that iconic short bob. In a scene of disturbing sexual content, the couple are having sex unaware of the fact that captain Gerd Wiesler is listening to everything in their bugged apartment.
Close Menu Home. Note: Contains sexual references. Erotic photography soon became closely associated with it and gained increasing public attention. Founded in , Penthouse magazine went a step further than Playboy and was the first to clearly display genitals, initially covered with pubic hair. In the 's, in the mood of feminism, gender equality and light humor, magazines such as Cleo included male nude centerfolds.
Unlike the traditional erotic photographs, which use any attractive female subjects, the male nude photographs are usually of celebrities. The spread of the Internet in the 's and increasing social liberalization brought a renewed upsurge of erotic photography. There are a variety of print and online publications, which now compete against the major magazines Playboy, Penthouse and cater for the diverse tastes. There are a large number of online erotic photography sites, some of which describe themselves or are so described by others as pornography.
Where the subject is presented in a romantic or sexually alluring manner, it may be described as glamour photography. Glamour photography is a genre of photography in which the subjects are portrayed in erotic poses ranging from fully clothed to nude. The term may be a euphemism for erotic photography. For glamour models, right body shape and size is directly related to success.
This is particularly true of the female breast, where having their size and shape altered by breast implants is considered crucial for success in the glamour industry. This type of photography is colloquially known as "cheesecake" for women and "beefcake" for men.
Glamour photography is generally a composed image of a subject in a still position. The subjects of "glamour" photography for professional use are often professional models, and the photographs are normally intended for commercial use, including mass-produced calendars, pinups and men's magazines such as Maxim; but amateur subjects are also sometimes used, and sometimes the photographs are intended for private and personal use only.
Photographers use a combination of cosmetics, lighting and airbrushing techniques to produce an appealing image of the subject. Until the later half of the 20th century glamour photography was usually referred to as erotic photography. In the early 's the pinup became popular and depicted scantily dressed women, often in a playful pose, seemingly surprised or startled by the viewer.
The subject would usually have an expression of delight which seemed to invite the viewer to come and play. During World War II pin-up pictures of scantily clad movie stars were extremely popular among American servicemen. In December , Marilyn Monroe was featured in the first issue of Playboy magazine. Bettie Page was the Playboy Playmate of the Month in January Playboy was the first magazine featuring nude erotic photography targeted at the mainstream consumer. The British Queen of Curves in the 's and early sixties was Pamela Green.
Harrison Marks, on the encouragement of Green, took up glamour photography and together in they published the pinup magazine Kamera. Currently in England the earliest use of the word "glamour" as a euphemism for nude modeling or photography is attributed to Marks' publicity material in 's.
Glamour models popular in the early 's included Hope Talmons and Dita Von Teese and the modern era is represented in the U. Standards and styles of glamour photography change over time, reflecting for example changes in social acceptance and taste.
In the early s, United States photographers like Ruth Harriet Louise and George Hurrell photographed celebrities to glamorize their stature by utilizing lighting techniques to develop dramatic effects. Until the 's, glamour photography in advertising and in men's magazines was highly controversial or even illegal. Magazines featuring glamour photography were sometimes marketed as "art magazines" or "health magazines". Since the 's glamour photography has increased in popularity among the public.
Glamour portrait studios opened, offering professional hair and makeup artists and professional retouching to allow the general public to have the "model" experience. German cigarette card by Ross Verlag in the Ramses Film-Fotos series for Jasmatzi Cigarettenfabrik, Dresden. Serie 1, Image no. Photo: Vogel-Sandau. Leni Riefenstahl was the notorious director of Triumph des Willens , a fascinating propaganda documentary about Adolf Hitler and the Third Reich, commissioned by the Nazi government.
Before she started directing films, she worked as a dancer and on screen she became a star in the mountain films, directed by Arnold Fanck. Helene Bertha Amalie 'Leni' Riefenstahl was born in Berlin, German Empire in Her family was Lutheran Protestant and she had a brother, Heinz, who was killed on the Eastern Front in World War II. Her father, Alfred Theodor Paul Riefenstahl, owned a successful heating and ventilation company and wanted his daughter to follow him into the business world.
Leni was athletic, and at the age of twelve joined a gymnastic and swim club. Without her father's knowledge, she enrolled in dance and ballet classes at the Grimm-Reiter Dance School in Berlin in , where she quickly became a star pupil. Riefenstahl later also studied dance with Jutta Klamt, Eugenie Eduardova and Mary Wigman. She became well known for her self-styled interpretive dancing skills.
She travelled across Europe with Max Reinhardt in a show funded by Jewish producer Harry Sokal. Riefenstahl began to suffer foot injuries that led to knee surgery, which threatened her dance career.
She got in touch with director Arnold Fanck, who was the pioneer of the mountain film genre. The film cost 1. The film was also screened in Britain, France and US and was the first international success of its director Between and , Leni Riefenstahl starred in five successful films.
Pabst, with Gustav Diessl. Her fame spread to countries outside Germany. From Arnold Fanck, she had learned acting but also film editing techniques. His use of cinematic technique - filters, special film stock, slow motion - to endow magnificent natural scenery with dramatic stature - provided her with key elements of her towering visual style and fostered her technical skill.
Leni Riefenstahl decided to try to produce and direct her own film. In the film, Riefenstahl played an innocent peasant girl in the Tyrolean mountains who is hated and cast out by the villagers because they think she is diabolic. She is protected by a secret cave of blue crystals. With the blue light, she lures young men to their deaths. The film attracted the attention of Adolf Hitler, who saw talent in Riefenstahl and arranged a meeting. He believed Riefenstahl epitomised the perfect German female.
In , Leni Riefenstahl appeared in the American-German co-productions SOS Eisberg Arnold Fanck, ; German version and SOS Iceberg Tay Garnett, ; US version. The two versions were filmed simultaneously in English and German and produced and distributed by Universal Studios. Riefenstahl co-starred with Gustav Diessl and Ernst Udet in S. Eisberg, and with Gibson Gowland and Rod La Rocque in S. Her part in SOS Iceberg would be her only English language role in film. Riefenstahl heard Nazi Party NSDAP leader Adolf Hitler speak at the Berlin Sportpalast in and by her own account, she was mesmerised by his talent as a public speaker.
Riefenstahl agreed to direct the movie. She and Hitler got on well, forming a friendly relationship. The propaganda film was funded entirely by the NSDAP. Riefenstahl won several awards, not only in Germany but also in the United States, France, Sweden, and other countries. Hitler then invited Riefenstahl to film the Summer Olympics scheduled to be held in Berlin.
On Hitler's direct order, the German government paid her seven million Reichsmarks in compensation. Sinti and Roma people from the Marzahn detention camp near Berlin were compelled to work as extras. In October the production of Tiefland moved to Barrandov Studios in Prague for interior filming. Tiefland would be her last feature film. In , after the war, Leni Riefenstahl was arrested at her chalet in Kitzbühel in the Tyrol by US soldiers. Throughout to , she was held by various Allied-controlled prison camps across Germany.
She was also under house arrest for a period of time. She was declared a Mitläufer or fellow traveller, which disbarred her from ever seeking public office. Triumph des Willens and her other work for the Nazis had significantly damaged her career and reputation. Despite her protests to the contrary, Riefenstahl was considered an intricate part of the Third Reich's propaganda machine.
In the s, Riefenstahl discovered Africa and reinvented herself as a still photographer. She published two photo books on the Nuba tribes, The Nuba and The Nuba of Kau.
In , she began a lifelong companionship with her cameraman Horst Kettner. She was 60 and he was He assisted her with her photographs.
She also photographed the Olympic Games in Munich. In , Riefenstahl published a book of her sub-aquatic photographs called Korallengärten Coral Gardens , followed by the book Wunder unter Wasser Wonder under Water. Riefenstahl also released the autobiography A Memoir Leni Riefenstahl died of cancer in in Pöcking, Germany at the age of She was buried at Munich Waldfriedhof.
Riefenstahl was married twice. From till , she was married to Peter Jacob. Shortly before her death, she married her longtime companion Horst Kettner. After Kettner's death in , Riefenstahl former secretary Gisela Jahn became the sole heir of Riefenstahl's estate.
Sources: Richard Falcon The Guardian , Rainer Rother Leni Riefenstahl: The Seduction of Genius , Berliner Woche German , DW, Wikipedia and IMDb. And, please check out our blog European Film Star Postcards. It is part of Barrow-in-Furness, separated from the mainland by Walney Channel, which is spanned by the Jubilee Bridge.
Walney is the largest island of the Furness Islands group, both in population and size, as well as the largest English island in the Irish Sea. Its population at the UK Census was 10,, distributed evenly across the island's two Wards of Walney North and Walney South. Walney Island formed during the last glacial period, when the River Duddon was a large glacial lake, depositing till at its mouth, which became Walney. Some evidence of neolithic inhabitants has been found in the island's sand dunes, though its name is likely of Norse origin.
In particular, the development between and of docks at Barrow Island, in Walney Channel opposite Walney, encouraged the growth of Walney as a settlement. The planned worker town of Vickerstown was built on the island in , resulting in a large population increase, and the construction of Jubilee Bridge connecting Walney to the mainland in Walney's contemporary population now forms about a fifth of the overall population of Barrow-in-Furness.
The island contains two nature reserves, at either end, and its sandy beaches make it a popular leisure site. The name Walney is thought to come from Old Norse. Whilst the suffix 'ey' is a common feature of island names, the source of 'waln' is less clear. The Old Norse word haugr means mound or hill. However, Walney was soon caught up in the rapid expansion of industry at Barrow-in-Furness. Barrow docks were built on Barrow Island, in Walney Channel.
The island acted as a natural shelter, which allowed the development of Barrow's large shipbuilding yards. In the s, Biggar Bank became a popular seaside recreation site on Walney, and this was reinforced when a regular ferry, operated by the Furness Railway Company, was launched. At the same time, other developers imagined developing Biggar into a larger seaside resort. Vickers operated facilities constructing submarines and other shipping in Barrow in the early parts of World War I, and these or nearby installations may have been the targets of the German submarine U, which approached Walney Island in shallow water in the early afternoon of Friday 29 January The artillery battery at Fort Walney, manned by 7 Company, Lancashire and Cheshire Royal Garrison Artillery, opened fire on the submarine at a range of around 7, yards 6, metres after the submarine fired its deck gun at the airship station on the island.
After a few minutes' exchange of fire, with no hits on either side, the submarine withdrew. Walney continued to grow through the twentieth century, with a number of suburban housing developments on the island.
Walney lies off the southwest coast of Cumbria in the Irish Sea. The channel separating it from the Great Britain mainland is also narrow, and named Walney Channel. The northern portion of the channel opens into the Duddon Estuary and is both narrower and shallower; at low tide, it is passable on foot, with stepping stones known locally as 'Widow's Crossing' assisting pedestrians.
North of Earnsie Point are secluded beaches, backed by dunes, which tend to be used by naturists. Jubilee Bridge, a bascule bridge, has connected Walney to the mainland since A second bridge over Walney Channel is sometimes mooted, in order to improve access and relieve traffic, though there has never been any significant attempt to provide one.
The nearest railway station to Walney is Barrow-in-Furness. It opened in and was initially used for military purposes during World War II, before Barrow council purchased the airfield. It was purchased by Vickers in and has remained with the company's successors ever since. A few attempts at scheduled passenger services have occurred - Air Ecosse, Air Furness and Telair have all operated flights from the island - but none has lasted longer than two years.
The main settlement on Walney, Vickerstown, is effectively a continuation of Barrow-in-Furness, lying on the Barrow-facing east coast at the island's centre, clustered around the Jubilee Bridge. The first parts of Vickerstown were constructed in the s as a workers' community for Vickers Shipyard, but this area has since been expanded by suburban development. The only residential areas on the west coast are at Earnse Bay and Biggar Bank, both of which are extensions to the central Vickerstown settlement.
Beyond Vickerstown, the island retains two older villages. It is possibly the oldest settlement on Walney, with Furness Abbey records from mentioning a grange at Biggar, and today is still a farming village. Walney is low-lying, narrow and windswept - it is said by the North-West Evening Mail to be the windiest lowland site in England. South Walney is also the home of the Walney Bird Observatory.
To the north, the island provides a habitat for natterjack toads, as well as the Walney geranium, found only on the island. Since , the coast off Walney has become a centre for the construction of offshore wind farms. Four wind farms have been built and a fifth is planned. Walney has two tiers of local government. Barrow-in-Furness also forms part of the larger county of Cumbria, for which Walney is again divided into two wards.
In the May Cumbria County Council elections Walney North and Walney South wards both elected Labour Party councillors. At a national level, Walney forms part of the Barrow and Furness parliamentary constituency. At the UK census, Walney North had an unemployment rate of 7.
Following the construction of Vickerstown, the defence manufacturer Vickers became the major employer on the island, reflecting wider trends in Barrow-in-Furness.
Walney has one secondary school, Walney School. It opened in  and currently teaches pupils. The club was formed in , and have played on the island ever since. They reached the second round of the Challenge Cup in , losing to Oldham  and they competed in the National Conference League between and In football, Vickerstown Football Club play in the West Lancashire Football League WFL Premier Division level 11 of the English football league system , while Walney Island Football Club, formed as Nautical FC in , compete in the WFL Division Two.
Walney has become an important location for kitesurfing and wind-surfing. It annually hosts one of the rounds of the British Kitesurfing Championship.
Awdry, which was adapted into the television series Thomas the Tank Engine and Friends. The books and television series are all set on the fictional Island of Sodor, which is located in the position of Walney, though significantly larger. Its east coast resembles that of Walney, and the main town to the east of the island is 'Vicarstown', located at the same place as Vickerstown.
In music, Walney appears in the song "Wa'ney Island Cockfight", which describes a cockfight between the lads of North Scale and Biggar on the island. England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.
The area now called England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Upper Paleolithic period, but takes its name from the Angles, a Germanic tribe deriving its name from the Anglia peninsula, who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries. England became a unified state in the 10th century and has had a significant cultural and legal impact on the wider world since the Age of Discovery, which began during the 15th century.
England's terrain is chiefly low hills and plains, especially in central and southern England. However, there is upland and mountainous terrain in the north for example, the Lake District and Pennines and in the west for example, Dartmoor and the Shropshire Hills. The capital is London, which has the largest metropolitan area in both the United Kingdom and, prior to Brexit, the European Union.
The Kingdom of England — which after included Wales — ceased being a separate sovereign state on 1 May , when the Acts of Union put into effect the terms agreed in the Treaty of Union the previous year, resulting in a political union with the Kingdom of Scotland to create the Kingdom of Great Britain.
In the Irish Free State seceded from the United Kingdom, leading to the latter being renamed the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The name "England" is derived from the Old English name Englaland, which means "land of the Angles". The Angles came from the Anglia peninsula in the Bay of Kiel area present-day German state of Schleswig—Holstein of the Baltic Sea.
The term was then used in a different sense to the modern one, meaning "the land inhabited by the English", and it included English people in what is now south-east Scotland but was then part of the English kingdom of Northumbria. The earliest attested reference to the Angles occurs in the 1st-century work by Tacitus, Germania, in which the Latin word Anglii is used.
A romantic name for England is Loegria, related to the Welsh word for England, Lloegr, and made popular by its use in Arthurian legend. The earliest known evidence of human presence in the area now known as England was that of Homo antecessor, dating to approximately , years ago. The oldest proto-human bones discovered in England date from , years ago.
The Beaker culture arrived around 2, BC, introducing drinking and food vessels constructed from clay, as well as vessels used as reduction pots to smelt copper ores. By heating together tin and copper, which were in abundance in the area, the Beaker culture people made bronze, and later iron from iron ores. Brythonic was the spoken language during this time. Society was tribal; according to Ptolemy's Geographia there were around 20 tribes in the area.
Earlier divisions are unknown because the Britons were not literate. Like other regions on the edge of the Empire, Britain had long enjoyed trading links with the Romans. Julius Caesar of the Roman Republic attempted to invade twice in 55 BC; although largely unsuccessful, he managed to set up a client king from the Trinovantes.
Painting of woman, with outstretched arm, in white dress with red cloak and helmet, with other human figures to her right and below her to the left.
The Romans invaded Britain in 43 AD during the reign of Emperor Claudius, subsequently conquering much of Britain, and the area was incorporated into the Roman Empire as Britannia province. Later, an uprising led by Boudica, Queen of the Iceni, ended with Boudica's suicide following her defeat at the Battle of Watling Street. There is debate about when Christianity was first introduced; it was no later than the 4th century, probably much earlier. According to Bede, missionaries were sent from Rome by Eleutherius at the request of the chieftain Lucius of Britain in AD, to settle differences as to Eastern and Western ceremonials, which were disturbing the church.
There are traditions linked to Glastonbury claiming an introduction through Joseph of Arimathea, while others claim through Lucius of Britain. This period of Christianity was influenced by ancient Celtic culture in its sensibilities, polity, practices and theology.
Roman military withdrawals left Britain open to invasion by pagan, seafaring warriors from north-western continental Europe, chiefly the Saxons, Angles, Jutes and Frisians who had long raided the coasts of the Roman province.
These groups then began to settle in increasing numbers over the course of the fifth and sixth centuries, initially in the eastern part of the country. Contemporary texts describing this period are extremely scarce, giving rise to its description as a Dark Age. The nature and progression of the Anglo-Saxon settlement of Britain is consequently subject to considerable disagreement; the emerging consensus is that it occurred on a large scale in the south and east but was less substantial to the north and west, where Celtic languages continued to be spoken even in areas under Anglo-Saxon control.
During the settlement period the lands ruled by the incomers seem to have been fragmented into numerous tribal territories, but by the 7th century, when substantial evidence of the situation again becomes available, these had coalesced into roughly a dozen kingdoms including Northumbria, Mercia, Wessex, East Anglia, Essex, Kent and Sussex. Over the following centuries, this process of political consolidation continued.
Later in that century escalating attacks by the Danes culminated in the conquest of the north and east of England, overthrowing the kingdoms of Northumbria, Mercia and East Anglia.
Wessex under Alfred the Great was left as the only surviving English kingdom, and under his successors, it steadily expanded at the expense of the kingdoms of the Danelaw. A fresh wave of Scandinavian attacks from the late 10th century ended with the conquest of this united kingdom by Sweyn Forkbeard in and again by his son Cnut in , turning it into the centre of a short-lived North Sea Empire that also included Denmark and Norway.
However, the native royal dynasty was restored with the accession of Edward the Confessor in King Henry V at the Battle of Agincourt, fought on Saint Crispin's Day and concluded with an English victory against a larger French army in the Hundred Years' War.
A dispute over the succession to Edward led to the Norman Conquest in , accomplished by an army led by Duke William of Normandy. Catholic monasticism flourished, providing philosophers, and the universities of Oxford and Cambridge were founded with royal patronage. During the Tudor period, the Renaissance reached England through Italian courtiers, who reintroduced artistic, educational and scholarly debate from classical antiquity.
There were internal religious conflicts during the reigns of Henry's daughters, Mary I and Elizabeth I. The former took the country back to Catholicism while the latter broke from it again, forcefully asserting the supremacy of Anglicanism. The Elizabethan era is the epoch in the Tudor age of the reign of Queen Elizabeth I "the Virgin Queen". Historians often depict it as the golden age in English history.
Elizabethan England represented the apogee of the English Renaissance and saw the flowering of art, poetry, music and literature. England during this period had a centralised, well-organised, and effective government as a result of vast Tudor reforms. Competing with Spain, the first English colony in the Americas was founded in by explorer Walter Raleigh in Virginia and named Roanoke.
The Roanoke colony failed and is known as the lost colony after it was found abandoned on the return of the late-arriving supply ship. During the Elizabethan period, England was at war with Spain. An armada sailed from Spain in as part of a wider plan to invade England and re-establish a Catholic monarchy. The plan was thwarted by bad coordination, stormy weather and successful harrying attacks by an English fleet under Lord Howard of Effingham.
This failure did not end the threat: Spain launched two further armadas, in and , but both were driven back by storms. The political structure of the island changed in , when the King of Scots, James VI, a kingdom which had been a long-time rival to English interests, inherited the throne of England as James I, thereby creating a personal union. The English Restoration restored the monarchy under King Charles II and peace after the English Civil War.
Based on conflicting political, religious and social positions, the English Civil War was fought between the supporters of Parliament and those of King Charles I, known colloquially as Roundheads and Cavaliers respectively. This was an interwoven part of the wider multifaceted Wars of the Three Kingdoms, involving Scotland and Ireland.
The Parliamentarians were victorious, Charles I was executed and the kingdom replaced by the Commonwealth. Leader of the Parliament forces, Oliver Cromwell declared himself Lord Protector in ; a period of personal rule followed.
With the reopening of theatres, fine arts, literature and performing arts flourished throughout the Restoration of ''the Merry Monarch'' Charles II. This was established with the Bill of Rights in Among the statutes set down were that the law could only be made by Parliament and could not be suspended by the King, also that the King could not impose taxes or raise an army without the prior approval of Parliament. In the Great Fire of London gutted the City of London but it was rebuilt shortly afterwards with many significant buildings designed by Sir Christopher Wren.
In Parliament two factions had emerged — the Tories and Whigs. Though the Tories initially supported Catholic king James II, some of them, along with the Whigs, during the Revolution of invited Dutch prince William of Orange to defeat James and ultimately to become William III of England.
Some English people, especially in the north, were Jacobites and continued to support James and his sons. Under the Stuart dynasty England expanded in trade, finance and prosperity. Britain developed Europe's largest merchant fleet. The River Thames during the Georgian period from the Terrace of Somerset House looking towards St. Paul's, c. Under the newly formed Kingdom of Great Britain, output from the Royal Society and other English initiatives combined with the Scottish Enlightenment to create innovations in science and engineering, while the enormous growth in British overseas trade protected by the Royal Navy paved the way for the establishment of the British Empire.
Domestically it drove the Industrial Revolution, a period of profound change in the socioeconomic and cultural conditions of England, resulting in industrialised agriculture, manufacture, engineering and mining, as well as new and pioneering road, rail and water networks to facilitate their expansion and development. The Battle of Trafalgar was a naval engagement between the British Royal Navy and the combined fleets of the French and Spanish Navies during the Napoleonic Wars.
During the Industrial Revolution, many workers moved from England's countryside to new and expanding urban industrial areas to work in factories, for instance at Birmingham and Manchester, dubbed "Workshop of the World" and "Warehouse City" respectively. The Regency of George IV is noted for its elegance and achievements in the fine arts and architecture.
However this failed to manifest and the Napoleonic forces were defeated by the British: at sea by Lord Nelson, and on land by the Duke of Wellington. The major victory at the Battle of Trafalgar confirmed the naval supremacy Britain had established during the course of the eighteenth century. Power shifts in east-central Europe led to World War I; hundreds of thousands of English soldiers died fighting for the United Kingdom as part of the Allies. At the end of the Phoney War, Winston Churchill became the wartime Prime Minister.
Developments in warfare technology saw many cities damaged by air-raids during the Blitz. Following the war, the British Empire experienced rapid decolonisation, and there was a speeding-up of technological innovations; automobiles became the primary means of transport and Frank Whittle's development of the jet engine led to wider air travel.
The UK's NHS provided publicly funded health care to all UK permanent residents free at the point of need, being paid for from general taxation. Combined, these prompted the reform of local government in England in the midth century. Since the late 20th century the administration of the United Kingdom has moved towards devolved governance in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Photograph of rectangular floodlight building, reflected in water. The building has multiple towers including one at each end.
The tower on the right includes an illuminated clock face. England is part of the United Kingdom, a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system. Today England is governed directly by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, although other countries of the United Kingdom have devolved governments. Since devolution, in which other countries of the United Kingdom — Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland — each have their own devolved parliament or assemblies for local issues, there has been debate about how to counterbalance this in England.
Originally it was planned that various regions of England would be devolved, but following the proposal's rejection by the North East in a referendum, this has not been carried out. One major issue is the West Lothian question, in which MPs from Scotland and Wales are able to vote on legislation affecting only England, while English MPs have no equivalent right to legislate on devolved matters.
Despite now being part of the United Kingdom, the legal system of the Courts of England and Wales continued, under the Treaty of Union, as a separate legal system from the one used in Scotland. The general essence of English law is that it is made by judges sitting in courts, applying their common sense and knowledge of legal precedent — stare decisis — to the facts before them.
The court system is headed by the Senior Courts of England and Wales, consisting of the Court of Appeal, the High Court of Justice for civil cases, and the Crown Court for criminal cases. It was created in after constitutional changes, taking over the judicial functions of the House of Lords. The Secretary of State for Justice is the minister responsible to Parliament for the judiciary, the court system and prisons and probation in England.
BristolEast Riding. The subdivisions of England consist of up to four levels of subnational division controlled through a variety of types of administrative entities created for the purposes of local government. The highest tier of local government were the nine regions of England: North East, North West, Yorkshire and the Humber, East Midlands, West Midlands, East, South East, South West, and London. These were created in as Government Offices, used by the UK government to deliver a wide range of policies and programmes regionally, but there are no elected bodies at this level, except in London, and in the regional government offices were abolished.
After devolution began to take place in other parts of the United Kingdom it was planned that referendums for the regions of England would take place for their own elected regional assemblies as a counterweight. London accepted in the London Assembly was created two years later. However, when the proposal was rejected by the North East England devolution referendum in the North East, further referendums were cancelled. Below the regional level, all of England is divided into 48 ceremonial counties.
Elsewhere, 27 non-metropolitan "shire" counties have a county council and are divided into districts, each with a district council. The remaining non-metropolitan counties are of a single district and usually correspond to large towns or sparsely populated counties; they are known as unitary authorities.
Greater London has a different system for local government, with 32 London boroughs, plus the City of London covering a small area at the core governed by the City of London Corporation. Geographically England includes the central and southern two-thirds of the island of Great Britain, plus such offshore islands as the Isle of Wight and the Isles of Scilly. It is bordered by two other countries of the United Kingdom: to the north by Scotland and to the west by Wales.
England is closer than any other part of mainland Britain to the European continent. It is separated from France Hauts-de-France by a mile 34 km  sea gap, though the two countries are connected by the Channel Tunnel near Folkestone.
The ports of London, Liverpool, and Newcastle lie on the tidal rivers Thames, Mersey and Tyne respectively. At miles km , the Severn is the longest river flowing through England.
Randy couple repeatedly have sex at beach resort in front ...
A RANDY couple were caught on camera repeatedly having sex in public at a popular holiday resort – simply moving on to a new spot and starting again whenever they were challenged. The sex-mad…Estimated Reading Time: 1 min
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